Defoe Such ambitious debates on society and human nature ran parallel with the explorations of a literary form finding new popularity with a large audience, the novel. Daniel Defoe came to sustained prose fiction late in a career of quite various, often disputatious writing.
Walt Whitman — American poet, essayist, novelist, short story writer, journalist, and editor. Although commonly and critically regarded as one of America's premier poets, Whitman remains in some ways a controversial figure. Leaves of Grasshis masterpiece, was revolutionary in both its style and content, praising the divinity of the self, of the common individual.
The volume was directed at those Americans who, in Whitman's opinion, had been ignored by their country's literature, a literature which had typically targeted the upper echelons of society.
Throughout his life and work, Whitman promoted himself as the poet of American democracy and of the common man. Yet the focus of his poetry on the sanctity and divinity of the self has been criticized as being more egotistical than spiritual, and his exploration and exaltation of sexuality and homosexuality has been both deplored and downplayed.
Additionally, critics have analyzed how the Civil War changed Whitman's poetry, and have studied his ambivalent views on the subject of the treatment of Native Americans during his lifetime.
Leaving school at age eleven, he worked as a law office clerk, and later, as a typesetter's apprentice. After teaching school and starting his own newspaper, he began editing various papers.
He also published poems and short stories in periodicals. InWhitman published a temperance novel entitled Franklin Evans; or, the Inebriate; he later dismissed the work as "damned rot.
Nine editions would eventually be published. After the war, he worked for a short time for the Department of the Interior but was fired when it was discovered that he was the author of the allegedly obscene Leaves of Grass. Rehired as a Justice Department clerk, Whitman remained in this position until he suffered a paralytic stroke inwhich left him partially disabled.
He had recently published a philosophical essay, Democratic Vistas and the fifth edition of Leaves of Grass. While he lived for nearly twenty more years, Whitman produced little new work of significance, focusing instead on revising and rearranging Leaves of Grass. Major Works Leaves of Grass, in its final version, contains poems Whitman wrote between and The major themes of the work include democracy, sexuality, death, and immortality; universality and the divine nature of the self are also concepts that thread their way through much of his work.
The first edition contained twelve poems, which shocked the public with their realistic imagery and candid discussions of sexuality. The volume received little praise from critics, with Ralph Waldo Emerson being the notable exception.
In later editions of Leaves of Grass, Whitman created new poems, revised existing ones, added and changed titles, and thematically grouped the poems. In Drum-Taps and Sequel to Drum-TapsWhitman recorded many of his war experiences and mourned the loss of nation and lives.
Drum-Taps was later incorporated into Leaves of Grass. Critical Reception While many critics concede that Whitman's concept of the self is of major significance in his work, V. Chari maintains that it is the "organizing principle" of Whitman's poetry.The later Romantics: Shelley, Keats, and Byron.
The poets of the next generation shared their predecessors’ passion for liberty (now set in a new perspective by the Napoleonic Wars) and were in a position to learn from their experiments.
-For example, the teacher can listen to a student reading aloud from text such as an essay, a speech, a novel, or a class subject textbook.
-While listening, the teacher marks a copy of the text to show words the student pronounces incorrectly.
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Essay on Novels Essay on Novel Published by admin at pm under Sample Essays Tim Winton’s novel, ‘That eye, the sky’ is a powerful exploration of such themes as loneliness, isolation and maturity within the context of Australian family life and landscape. Introduction This chapter consists of brief and critical introduction to the study, and firstly it introduces the novelist, secondly, the brief background of the study, major characters, plot and themes of novel.
Life Early life and education. The Eliots were a Boston Brahmin family with roots in Old and New skybox2008.com Eliot's paternal grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, had moved to St.
Louis, Missouri, to establish a Unitarian Christian church skybox2008.com father, Henry Ware Eliot (–), was a successful businessman, president and .