What kind of a business in life,—what mode of glorifying God, or being serviceable to mankind in his day and generation,—may that be? He finds the establishment to be a run-down place, situated on a rotting wharf in a half-finished building. His fellow workers mostly hold lifetime appointments secured by family connections.
This is so in point of size alone.
On the town's one thousand and seventy-five acres some eighteen thousand people live -- thus making the little town by the sea one of the more important of the State. Winthrop, is a beautiful town.
Its location between the Atlantic Ocean on the East and Boston Harbor on the West is alone enough to establish the fact. Even more, Winthrop is a town of gentle hills which, although now built over with about 4, houses, gives almost every window a wide prospect over miles of ocean, marsh and a city just far enough away to be remote and yet near enough to be conveniently reached within a half-hour or so.
Probably one of the greatest factors concerned in the production of Winthrop's charms are the many elms and maples lining her 36 miles of streets and shading most of her homes and all her public buildings. There are wealthier towns in the Commonwealth than Winthrop but few more financially fortunate.
By many years of self-sacrificing service by public-spirited citizens who have served the town largely without pay, the town is practically without debt; nearly all the streets are paved and have sidewalks while the municipal establishments, schools, library, town hall, fire houses and all the rest are paid for in full.
Winthrop is known as a town of homes.
This is true because there is practically no industry in the town at all. The town is emptied of mornings by perhaps ten thousand men and women who go into Boston to their various occupations.
At evening, they return home. This is a common condition of many of the suburbs around Boston and certain uncomplimentary critics have described these suburbs of Boston as being mere bedrooms for the City. However true this may be, Winthrop does maintain its own spirit and integrity. As it is a pleasure to live in Winthrop, so is it a distinction.
This is the result of the town's many years of 3 history, a history free of the scandal and difficulties which have affected at one time or another, most of Boston's suburbs.
This is remarkable, because Winthrop has a long, long history. Actually, this town observes its centennial this year. That is so because it became legally a separate town inwhen it was parted from the present City of Revere.
Previously, Revere and Winthrop had been a part of the present City of Chelsea -- just as Chelsea and Revere and Winthrop had been a part of the original settlement of Boston.
That takes the history back to but this is merely the white occupation of this area. The first whites who visited Boston Bay of demonstrable certainty were hardy fishermen from Britain, France and Portugal. These doughty seamen came here to catch the great cod which then flourished in great numbers.
In tiny vessels, hardly more than present-day yachts, they sailed westward in the Spring, landed a few men on shore, in such bays as Boston Harbor and built huts. Then, when the Fall storms came, the fishermen sailed home with their fish and furs.
This business' certainly flourished during the latter part of the fifteen hundreds and these fishermen were often on hand to welcome the "discoverers and explorers" when they arrived somewhat later.
There is a reasonably good probability that there were white men here even before the fishermen. These were, of course, the Vikings or Norsemen who did sail along the Nova Scotia and New England coasts in and about the year 1, The Norse sagas describe settlements made somewhere along shore, tell of the battles with the Indians and while they cannot tell of the gradual extinction of the colonies, the tragic fate of these first settlers in America is grimly for shadowed in the poems.
There is some evidence that Irish explorers may have visited New England also at about the same era. There are opinions, of course, but no definite proof has been found -- nor does it seem likely that such will ever appear.
No one has ever found proof that the Norse ever visited Boston Harbor -- but it seems unlikely that the little dragon ships of the Vikings, coasting down from Nova Scotia, could have missed Boston Harbor as they explored on to the south.
Thus it is probable that the Norsemen must have at least visited Winthrop's beaches and found refreshment and rest in our forests while they enjoyed the abundance of game and sea-food then blessing this region.
Indeed, the future town, with its wealth of fish, clams and lobsters, was a favorite resort in the summer for many Indians who apparently were seated in the hills back from the shore during the winters.
There is some evidence of importance that the tribesmen the Puritans found here, were not here very long, being comparatively newcomers. Lacking a written language, indeed any language which would have made accurate history possible, the story of the Indians can only be pieced together out of legends and some archeological material.
This last is very scanty, too, for the Indians, being very primitive people, had little of permanent importance to leave behind when exterminated by the whites. It is likely that the Indians here in were interlopers.
They seem to have been fierce and warlike people who drove up from the south-west and forced the then holders of this area northward along the shore. It is considered probable that the evicted Indians may be the present day Esquimaux, or at least have been absorbed into the Arctic tribes.
And there is some further evidence that even the exiled people were not the original inhabitants of this area, for some recent archeological studies have given evidence of the presence of a people of great antiquity. Because these people dyed their skeletons before burial with a red pigment, they are known as the Red Paint People.
Almost nothing is known of them.Liberalism, as a political philosophy, can be traced as the foundation to several theories that were circulating the American nation during the mid-nineteenth century.
This political ideology embraces a strong repudiation for the laws, customs, and institutions of the time that were believe. A summary of The Custom-House: Introductory in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Scarlet Letter and what it means.
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